Now that spring begins to appear. It is time to eradicate weeds from the garden. Some that, probably, will have prospered during the winter months, and that, without a doubt, will do so, even more, when the temperatures begin to temper and the hours of solar incidence increase. Weeds are not just little aesthetic companions of our grass, plants, or pots. Added, it is important to understand to what extent their presence is negative for our nature.
Eradicating weeds from the garden is a task that goes beyond mere sanitation. Its presence, together with our ornamental plants or grass, has a harmful influence on your health. On the one hand, these intruders are true thieves of the resources that any of our plants need: they compete with them for water, nutrients from the earth, and light. But, above all, they do it in a more worrisome way: in the roots. Their underground growth capacity is usually invasive, so they can corner the growth of our plants silently.
In case these aspects were not important enough, we must consider another one: eradicating weeds from the garden is a way to keep our plants protected from fungi and diseases. And it is that these unwanted companions of any green space are intimate friends of the radio and a real magnet for pests, such as aphid or cochineal.
KEYS TO ERADICATE THE BAD HERBS OF THE GARDEN
Before going into details and see in detail some fundamental tips to eradicate weeds from the garden, let’s start with the fundamental one: prevention. Something fundamental that will avoid many headaches and that, while not absolutely infallible, will greatly relieve the invasion of these enemy plants, also called adventitiously.
To avoid its appearance from the beginning, it is vital that we perform two tasks. On the one hand, work the soil thoroughly before planting on it either grass or plants. A task that involves eliminating even the 20 centimeters of the surface layer of the substrate that we have. By doing so, we will also be eliminating weeds that may exist and, incidentally, their roots.
Once this work is done to plow the land, the idea is to cover the surface with an organic substrate or quality mulch. With it, we will be guaranteeing that being of controlled origin does not have seeds of adventitious plants among its land. Something that we can also replicate in pots and planters, thus helping our plants to grow from the beginning free of bad companies.
If we talk about grass, flowerpots, or pots already consolidated and rooted, we can carry out a series of tasks that help us eradicate weeds from the garden both in a timely and definitive way.
1. Pad the ground
Quilting is a very common technique in gardening that not only serves aesthetic purposes or to protect the roots of our plants against the cold, but, in addition, it can be key to maintain the humidity of the substrate and, in passing, to eradicate weeds from the garden. Thanks to their presence, these plants will have more complicated to be able to root and grow since the padding itself exerts a barrier function.
We can opt for two types of padding. If we choose organic padding, we will be giving our garden a source of nutrients in the medium term since its decomposition is what it brings to the soil. Peat, compost, mulch, or decorative pine bark are some of the organic quilts for which we can opt for everything described above.
If we are more inclined to padding with aggregates, we will not be giving the soil new nutrients but giving our garden a unique decorative character. Gravels or Carolina in the color that we prefer will allow us to play with the textures and tones of our space while contributing to eradicate weeds from the garden.
Another common practice to eradicate weeds is to combine the use of these quilts with the installation of a geotextile mesh. A very common accessory in the garden that, however, can also be more than useful for the garden as it will serve as the first growth brake of these undesirable plants.
Beyond its function, something must be contemplated: it is important to know well what we have planted in each place of the garden before placing it since geotextile meshes prevent the growth of anything that is under it. Something that can affect, for example, the spring or autumn bulbs that we have planted.
2. Use upholstery plants to eradicate weeds
The struggle of nature in its purest form! And there is no way to play with the multiple types of upholstery plants to prevent the proliferation of adventitious plants. Since this type of plant grows at ground level and they do so almost invasively, using them can be key to eradicating weeds from the garden even in the most inaccessible places of it.
Added, this large family of plants has a range of options so varied that it is impossible not to find the one that best suits our tastes, whether we look for those that are a pure and hard leaf or we prefer options with flowers. The Ivy, the Verbena panel, alder, Vinca, or Juniperus panel are perfect options for creating a natural carpet in our garden that leaves no room for weeds.
3. Start weeds properly
Many times, we fall into the error of believing that eradicating weeds happen by tearing them off. A common ruling that we will confirm is that when, after a few weeks, we see them sprout again.
Weeds are plants with high survival, and that we can only eliminate from our garden if we start up completely from the roots. For this and according to the type of plant, on many occasions, it will not be enough just to pull them but, even, we will have to dig to be able to extract it completely from our planters or pots.
4. Eradicate your lawn presence
In the case of grass, eradicating weeds goes through somewhat more laborious work. In addition to uprooting them, we will have to take the precaution of waiting to confirm that it has completely disappeared. For this, the ideal is to irrigate the area that we have sanitized for a couple of weeks to see if any of the weed seeds we have removed have succeeded.
If so, the ideal thing is that we apply a herbicide, but be careful with this: if we choose a non-selective herbicide, we will have to apply it only in the focus that we have affected, since this type of products does not discriminate between good plants and adventitious plants. So, if we want to minimize its negative impact, there is nothing like administering it with care and always following the quantity recommendations set by each manufacturer.