With the arrival of heat and good weather, it is time to start thinking about installing an irrigation system. One that allows us to keep our plants hydrated when we are absent. One that, too, will provide us with the comfort of not having to water even while at home. Although there are many options and all have pros and cons, today, we want to see how to install drip irrigation.
This method is ideal for planters and pots. A fantastic system so that, despite our dismissals, our plants are still alive no matter how much we forget to water them. Something that can even compromise your life now that the hot days are approaching.
So and before knowing how to install drip irrigation, let’s see some of the reasons that can convince us to do so.
ADVANTAGES OF INSTALLING A DRIP IRRIGATION
One of the main advantages of installing drip irrigation is saving. It is estimated that these types of facilities help save irrigation water by up to 80%. An amount that not only allows us to be much more environmentally friendly but also to notice a substantially lower expense in the water bill. Let no one believe that this means watering our plants less. Nothing is further from reality. What drip irrigation really does is optimize water by watering in depth. A way to avoid, for example, evaporation of water as a result of heat.
In addition to this, installing drip irrigation will allow us to extend the usefulness of our substrate. As they are light and non-invasive, the nutrients in the soil are not swept away with excess water. On the contrary: because this type of irrigation penetrates the roots better, what we will be doing is promoting the release of these substances so that they are used by plants.
Much of the success of installing drip irrigation is precisely in the way it moistens the ground. One that avoids wetting the foliage of plants and, therefore, plays in our favor. We refer to those uncomfortable visitors to our garden or terrace, those that appear in the hot months. By directly wetting the substrate, we will be largely avoiding eliminating garden pests. Fungi and insects will be less attracted to plants irrigated with this system due to the lack of moisture in the visible part of the plant.
In addition to these aspects, we end up with one much appreciated by gardening enthusiasts. Installing drip irrigation allows us to disregard a little of the constant task of eradicating weeds. And it is that since it is much more efficient irrigation, directed to the plant, these upstart plants find more inconveniences to grow.
INSTALL DRIP IRRIGATION, STEP BY STEP
Now that we know the reasons to install drip irrigation let’s see how it is done. Unlike what is believed, its installation is extremely simple. We just have to take a precaution: think calmly how it will be.
It is important to perform this planning task before installing drip irrigation. That way, we will water in areas that need water and not in those where there are no plants that demand it. On the other hand, this exercise will also help us to know how much material we need to carry out the complete installation.
Although we can use kits that include everything needed to install drip irrigation, sometimes they fall short. And, for larger irrigation areas, we will have to consider a larger installation.
In general, both a kit and an installation that we design must have:
- Pressure reducer
- Hose coupling part
- Water distribution pipes of 4 and 12 or 16 mm.
- Dropper picks
With the necessary materials, it is time to get down to work.
1. Adjust the drip irrigation programmer
We will start by placing the programmer in the tap that will give water to the circuit. It is important that the union between the two is perfect since the tap will always be open, and the programmer will be responsible for regulating the flow of water.
In addition to this, we will also place the filter. One that will help us diminish the lime of the water and, therefore, to make our irrigation water more pleasant for the plants.
2. Fit the pressure reducer
Together with the programmer, we will place the end of the distribution tube, which will be between 12 and 16 mm. And, to this, we will attach a pressure reducer and a hose piece. Thanks to the reducer, we will be completely changing the flow of our installation. Something necessary for the installation to work properly but also for there to be no shocks in case of pressure rises.
3. Place drippers or distributor tubes
And this is where the most important planning exercise begins! With our main tube nourished with water, it is time to see how it will be distributed over our plants. If we are clear, we can drill the hose to place drippers and picks that hold it a few centimeters away from the substrate.
However, if our installation is of good dimensions, the same perforations will have to leave the 4 mm distributor tubes. Thick. Some will be articulated thanks to the use of connectors in the way we need it. In the form of T, elbow, or thanks to those that are of the link, we can make the laying of our irrigation hose without inconveniences.
4. Close the end with plugs
With all the installation prepared for irrigation, it is only necessary to finish off the end of it with a plug. One way to seal the circuit that will run through the water.
And, after following these four simple steps to install a drip irrigation system, we only have one thing left: program it. In this programming, we will choose not only the hours of irrigation but also the time of it.